Everyone knows that the mushrooms are rich in nutrients and have low calorie content. The latest research, however, proves that mushrooms may play a role even in fight against cancer.
In experiments the extract of a Japanese mushroom killed HPV virus which causes sexually transmitted cervical cancer. The human papillomavirus (HPV) are common, highly infectious agent which attacks the skin of the body and mucous membranes including the cervix, the mouth and throat. More than three quarters of women get the virus during their lifetime and certain strains of the virus cause cervical cancer demonstrably.
However researchers of the University of Texas Medical Center have shown that active hexose combined compounds extracted from shiitake mushroom (AHCC) may help in the precention of the formation of HPV-associated cancer. In researches made with mice, active hexose combined compounds destroyed the human papilloma virus within 90 days and reduced the growth rate of cervical cancer as well.
Research leader Dr Judith Smith said the experiments are encouraging and it is possible that AHCC will eventually replace the current vaccine against HPV.
Active hexose combined compounds work as immunotherapy, as a treatment that uses the body’s own immune system in the fight against the disease. The human and laboratory experiments have shown that AHCC’s increased the number and activity of natural killer (NK) cells, dendritic cells and cytokines which allows the body to respond more effectively to infection and inhibit the development of tumors.
The results of the research were published in the 45 Annual Conference of the American Society of Gynecology Oncology held in Tampa, Florida.
Cervix is a 3 cm long part of the uterus which is responsible for protecting the uterine cavity from infection, cervical mucus production, leading up of the sperms into to uterine cavity and ensuring the leaving of gland secretion and menstrual blood. Its inner surface is covered by bright red glanduldar and the outer cervix is covered by squamous epithelium resembling the vagina. Cervical cancer is typically formed by the meeting of these two surfaces. The tumor is preceded by an early cancerous degeneration (CIN = cervical intraepithelial neoplasia) localized to only on the epithelium. During cervical cancer we undertand the penetrating (invasive) cancer. The majority of cervical cancer (99%) is squamous cell carcinoma and only a small proportion of cases of adenocarcinoma might occur.