Mushrooms are tasty, nutritious, and fully meet the expectations of the diet of our time. Compared to Western Europe, we consume a very small quantity. The mushroom consumption in Germany reached an average of 3 to 4 kg/person/year, in Hungary it is only 2 kg/person/year. It would be worthwhile to increase to this value to 5 kg, which would benefit for both producers and consumers.
Button mushroom is the most widely cultivated mushroom species in Hungary. Moreover, there is a significant amount of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) and a small amount of shiitake (Lentinula edodes). The versatile health benefits of the latter was proven, it stimulates the immune system and lowers cholesterol. The taste of the enumerated mushrooms is excellent.
The protein content of button mushroom is very low compared to meat, but one kilogram of fresh mushrooms contains almost as much protein as a liter of milk. And while the protein contain of plant food has not full component (some of which proteins constituent amino acids are missing), mushrooms have a full protein component. That is why it is very important that the mushrooms take their rightful place in our diet.
A very convenient feature of mushrooms is that their fat content is very low, which is why they are also ideal for low-energy diet. Mushrooms have a high fiber content which consists largely of the so-called chitin, which although slows down digestion but it lowers cholesterol. Fiber helps digestion and generally have a favorable effect on the human body.
About button mushroom we can say that his macroelement content is medium but it contains potassium in considerable quantities (46-49,000 mg/kg). Its phosphorus content is also worth mentioning, one kilogram of fresh mushrooms contains about 10,300 milligrams! Since it contains these two elements in large, but sodium only in small quantities, its consumption is recommended for every age group. In cultivated button mushroom microelements (iron, zinc, manganese, boron) can be found in small quantities because they are in small quantities also in the compost used as a growing medium. However, the consumption of 100 grams of mushrooms covers half of the daily requirement of selenium of an adult. The content of microelements in mushrooms collected in the nature is higher than in the cultivated ones.
Author: András Geösel